National Highways Development Project
This article needs to be updated.February 2018)(
The National Highways Development Project (NHDP) is a project to upgrade, rehabilitate and widen major highways in India to a higher standard. The project was started in 1998 under the leadership of Prime Minister, Atal Bihari Vajpayee. National Highways account for only about 2% of the total length of roads, but carry about 40% of the total traffic across the length and breadth of the country. This project is managed by the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) under the Ministry of Road, Transport and Highways. The NHDP represents 49,260 km of roads and highways work and construction in order to boost economic development of the country. The government has planned to end the NHDP program in early 2018 and consume the ongoing projects under a larger Bharatmala project.
Project Phases[edit | edit source]
The project is composed of the following phases:
- Phase I: The Golden Quadrilateral (GQ; 5,846 km) connecting the four major cities of Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata. This project connecting four metro cities, is 5,846 km (3,633 mi). Total cost of the project is Rs.300 billion (US$6.8 billion), funded largely by the government’s special petroleum product tax revenues and government borrowing. In January 2012, India announced the four-lane GQ highway network as complete.
- Phase II: North-South and East-West corridors comprising national highways connecting four extreme points of the country. The North–South and East–West Corridor (NS-EW; 7,142 km) connecting Srinagar in the north to Kanyakumari in the south, including spur from Salem to Kanyakumari (Via Coimbatore and Kochi) and Silchar in the east to Porbandar in the west. Total length of the network is 7,142 km (4,438 mi). As of 31 October 2016, 90.99% of the project had been completed, 5.47% of the project work is under Implementation and 3.52% of the total length is left. It also includes Port connectivity and other projects — 435 km (270 mi). The final completion date to 28 February 2009 at a cost of Rs.350 billion (US$8 billion), with funding similar to Phase I.
- Phase III: The government on 12 April 2007 approved NHDP-III to upgrade 12,109 km (7,524 mi)of national highways on a Build, Operate and Transfer (BOT) basis, which takes into account high-density traffic, connectivity of state capitals via NHDP Phase I and II, and connectivity to centres of economic importance.
- Phase IV: The government on 18 June 2008 approved widening 20,000 km (12,000 mi) of highway that were not part of Phase I, II, or III. Phase IV will convert existing single-lane highways into two lanes with paved shoulders.
- Phase V: As road traffic increases over time, a number of four-lane highways will need to be upgraded/expanded to six lanes. On 5 October 2006 the government approved for upgrade of about 5,000 km (3,100 mi) of four-lane roads.
- Phase VI: The government is working on constructing 1,000 km (620 mi) expressways that would connect major commercial and industrial townships. It has already identified 400 km (250 mi) of Vadodara (earlier Baroda)-Mumbai section that would connect to the existing Vadodara (earlier Baroda)-Ahmedabad section. The World Bank is studying this project. The project will be funded on BOT basis. The 334 km (208 mi) Expressway between Chennai—Bangalore and 277 km (172 mi) Expressway between Kolkata—Dhanbad has been identified and feasibility study and DPR contract has been awarded by NHAI.
- Phase VII: This phase calls for improvements to city road networks by adding ring roads to enable easier connectivity with national highways to important cities. In addition, improvements will be made to stretches of national highways that require additional flyovers and bypasses given population and housing growth along the highways and increasing traffic. The government has planned to invest Rs. 16,680 Cr for this phase. The 19 km (12 mi) long Chennai Port—Maduravoyal Elevated Expressway is being executed under this phase.
|NHDP Phase||Particulars||Length||Indicative cost ₹ ( in cr)|
|NHDP-I & II||Balance work of GQ and EW-NS corridors||13,000 km (8,100 mi)||42,000|
|NHDP-III||4-laning||10,000 km (6,200 mi)||55,000|
|NHDP-IV||2-laning||20,000 km (12,000 mi)||25,000|
|NHDP-V||6-laning of selected stretches||5,000 km (3,100 mi)||17,500|
|NHDP-VI||Development of expressways||1,000 km (620 mi)||15,000|
|NHDP-VII||Ring Roads, Bypasses, Grade Separators, Service Roads etc.||700 km (430 mi)||15,000|
|Total||45,000 km (28,000 mi)||1,690,500 (Revised to 2,200,000)|
Note: 1 crore= 10 million
|Priority||NHDP Phase||Length (km)||Status||Approval||Completion Target|
|1||Phase I||5,846 km (3,633 mi)||Complete||December 2000||December 2006|
|2||Phase II||7,300 km (4,500 mi)||Award in progress||December 2003||December 2009|
|3||Phase III A||4,000 km (2,500 mi)||Already identified||March 2005||December 2009|
|4||Phase V||6,500 km (4,000 mi)||5700 km of GQ + 800 km to be identified||November 2005||December 2012|
|5||Phase III B||6,000 km (3,700 mi)||Already identified||March 2006||December 2012|
|6||Phase VII A||700 km (430 mi)||Ring roads to be identified||December 2006||December 2012|
|7||Phase IV A||5,000 km (3,100 mi)||To be identified||December 2006||December 2012|
|8||Phase VII B||Ring roads to be identified||December 2007||December 2013|
|9||Phase IV B||5,000 km (3,100 mi)||To be identified||December 2007||December 2013|
|10||Phase VI A||400 km (250 mi)||Already identified||December 2007||December 2014|
|11||Phase VII C||Ring roads to be identified||December 2008||December 2014|
|12||Phase IV C||5,000 km (3,100 mi)||To be identified||December 2008||December 2014|
|13||Phase VI B||600 km (370 mi)||To be identified||December 2008||December 2015|
|14||Phase IV D||5,000 km (3,100 mi)||To be identified||December 2009||December 2015|
"Financing of the National Highway Development Programme" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 February 2007.
Status from NHAI website[edit | edit source]
National Highways Development Project is being implemented in all phases. The present phases are improving more than 49,260 km of arterial routes of NH network to international standards. The project-wise details of NHDP all phases is below as of 18 May 2021:
|NATIONAL HIGHWAY DEVELOPMENT PROJECT(NHDP)|
|Projects||Total Length(Km.)||Already 4/6 Laned(Km.)||Under Implementation (Km.)||Contracts Under Implementation (No.)||Balance length for award(Km.)|
|NS - EW
Ph. I & II
|NHDP Phase III||11,809||7,621||2,161||71||2,027|
|NHDP Phase IV||13,203||4,058||6,050||105||3,095|
|NHDP Phase V||6,500||2,564||1,428||33||2,508|
|NHDP Phase VI||1,000||-||184||9||816|
|NHDP Phase VII||700||22||94||4||584|
|Others (Ph.-I, Ph.-II & Misc.)||2,048||1,743||305||18||-|
|Total by NHAI||48,589||28,915*||10,574||276||9,304|
|*Total 20,000 km was approved under NHDP Phase IV, out of which 13,203 km was assigned to NHAI and remaining Km with MoRTH. |
Subsummation in Bharatmala project[edit | edit source]
National Highway Development Project will close by first half of 2018, with the launch of Bharatmala project. 10,000 km of highway construction left under NHDP will be merged with Phase I of the Bharatmala. 
See also[edit | edit source]
- Similar rail development
- Future of rail transport in India, rail development
- Similar roads development
- India-China Border Roads, Subsumed in Bharatmala
- Expressways of India
- Setu Bharatam, river road bridge development in India
- Similar ports and river transport development
- Indian Rivers Inter-link
- List of National Waterways in India
- Sagar Mala project, national water port development connectivity scheme
- Similar air transport development
- Highways in India
References[edit | edit source]
- "Govt declares Golden Quadrilateral complete". The Indian Express. 7 January 2012.
- "National Highways Development Project Map". National Highways Institute of India.
- "National Highways Authority of India, Ministry of Road Transport & Highways, Government of India". nhai.gov.in. Retrieved 18 May 2021.
- Sood, Jyotika (18 April 2017). "NDA to kick off India's most ambitious roads programme ever". livemint.com/. Retrieved 25 June 2017.
[edit | edit source]
- "Rs. 3.2 trillion for infrastructure in 11th plan" - India e-News article, dated 6 July 2006.
- NHAI Project Photographs
- India Highways Group with many pictures
- 'Mile by Mile, India Paves a Smoother Future' — extremely detailed New York Times article, dated 4 December 2005 (free registration required)
- National Highways Development Project: Get The Facts 2014
- NHAI list Rs.30bn masala bond on Singapore Exchange (SGX) to boost infrastructure development fund