Expressways of India

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Delhi–Noida Direct (DND Flyway). It is India's first 8-lane wide expressway.
Mumbai–Pune Expressway. It is India's first 6-lane wide expressway.
Delhi–Meerut Expressway, India's widest expressway at 14-lanes.
Agra–Lucknow Expressway, the longest expressway in India.

Expressways are the highest class of roads in India. In India, expressways are controlled-access highways where entrance and exits are controlled by the use of ramps that are incorporated into the design of the expressway, whereas National highways are at-grade roads. Some roads are not access-controlled expressway, but are still officially called expressways, such as the Biju Expressway and Raipur–Bilaspur Expressway.

Greenfield Expressways in India are designed as 12-lane wide Expressways with the initial construction of 8-lanes. Land for 4-lane future expansion is reserved in the centre of the expressways. Greenfield Expressways are designed to avoid inhabited areas and go through new alignments to bring development to new areas and to reduce land acquisition costs and construction timelines. The Delhi-Mumbai Expressway is a great example of a new 12-lane approach with initial 8-lane construction.

The majority of the investment required for constructing expressways comes from the Central Government. Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra are the only states which are investing in building expressways through dedicated expressway corporations.[1]

The National Expressways Authority of India (NEAI) operating under the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways will be in-charge of the construction and maintenance of expressways.[2] The National Highways Development Project by the Government of India aims to expand the country's current expressway network and plans to add an additional 18,637 km of greenfield expressways by 2022 apart from existing national highways.[3]

Bharatmala, a centrally-sponsored and funded road and highways project of the Government of India[4] with a target of constructing 83,677 km[5] of new highways over the next five years, was started in 2018.[6] Phase I of the Bharatmala project involves the construction of 34,800 km of highways (including the remaining projects under NHDP) at an estimated cost of 5.35 lakh crore by 2021–22.[7]

Characteristics[edit | edit source]

As of April 2021, 20 expressways having combined length of 1,728 km.[8] are operational in India. In 2017, the country had only 200 km of expressways. All the expressways are 6 or more lane wide[citation needed] controlled-access highways where entrance and exit are controlled by the use of slip roads. India has one of the lowest densities of expressways in the world.[9]

List of National Expressways[edit | edit source]

As of April 2021, eight expressways have been declared as National Expressway (NE) by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, Government of India. The list is as follows:

Expressway Length (km) Declared as NE on
NE 1 Ahmedabad–Vadodara Expressway 93 13 Mar 1986[10]
NE 2 Eastern Peripheral Expressway (KGP) 135 30 Mar 2006[11]
NE 3 Delhi–Meerut Expressway 96 18 Jun 2020[12]
NE 4 VadodaraMumbai section of Delhi–Mumbai Expressway 380 10 Jan 2020[13]
NE 5 DelhiNakodarGurdaspur section of Delhi–Amritsar–Katra Expressway 398 25 Jun 2020[14]
NE 5A NakodarAmritsar section of Delhi–Amritsar–Katra Expressway 99 17 Sep 2020[15]
NE 6 Lucknow–Kanpur Expressway 74 15 Dec 2020[16]
NE 7 Bengaluru–Chennai Expressway 258 01 Jan 2021[17]
Total 1,533

List of Expressways (Operational)[edit | edit source]

Only operational length and year of final completion is shown. Total length listed in this table is 1,728 km (1,073.7 mi). Note: AC = Access-Controlled Expressway.

Name States Length (km/mi) Lanes Year of Completion OSM Remarks
Agra–Lucknow Expressway (AC)[18] Uttar Pradesh 302.2 km
187.8 mi
6 2017 February [19] Longest expressway in India[20]
Ahmedabad–Vadodara Expressway (AC)[21] Gujarat 93.1 km
57.8 mi
4 2004 August NE1
Belghoria Expressway (AC) West Bengal 16 km
9.9 mi
4 2008 Part of AH1
Chennai Bypass (AC)[22] Tamil Nadu 32 km
19.9 mi
4-6 2010 [23]
Delhi–Faridabad Skyway (AC)[24][25] Delhi, Haryana 4.4 km
2.7 mi
6 2010 November Part of NH44
Delhi–Gurgaon Expressway (AC)[26] Delhi, Haryana 27.7 km
17.2 mi
6-8 2008 January [27] Part of Golden Quadrilateral
Delhi–Meerut Expressway (AC)[28] Delhi, Uttar Pradesh 96 km
59.7 mi
6-14 2021 April NE3 [India's widest Expressway (14-lane)][29]
Delhi–Noida Direct Flyway (DND) (AC)[30] Delhi, Uttar Pradesh 9.2 km
5.7 mi
8 2001 January India's First 8-lane wide expressway
Eastern Peripheral Expressway (AC) Uttar Pradesh, Haryana 135 km
83.9 mi
6 2018 May [31] NE2
Jaipur–Kishangarh Expressway (AC)[32] Rajasthan 90 km
55.9 mi
6 2005 April Forms a segment of the NH-8
Mumbai–Pune Expressway (AC)[33] Maharashtra 94.5 km
58.7 mi
6 2002 April [34] India's First 6-lane wide expressway
Noida–Greater Noida Expressway (AC)[35] Uttar Pradesh 24.5 km
15.2 mi
6 2002 [36]
Outer Ring Road, Hyderabad (AC)[37] Telangana 158 km
98.2 mi
8 2018 April [38]
P.V. Narasimha Rao Expressway (AC)[39][40] Telangana 11.6 km
7.2 mi
4 2009 October
Panipat Elevated Expressway(AC)[41] Haryana 10 km
6.2 mi
6 2008 January
Vijayawada–Hyderabad Expressway (AC)[42] Andhra Pradesh, Telangana 291 km
180.8 mi
6 2012 October [43] Part of NH 65
Western Peripheral Expressway (AC) Haryana 135.6 km
84.3 mi
6 2018 November [44]
Yamuna Expressway (AC)[45][46] Uttar Pradesh 165.5 km
102.8 mi
6 2012 August [47]
Total 1,728 km
1,073.7 mi

List of Expressways (Under-Construction)[edit | edit source]

* Ready to inaugurate

Total length listed in this table is 10,647.524 km (6,616.065 mi).

Name States Length (km/mi) Expected Date of Completion
Ahmedabad–Dholera Expressway Gujarat 110 km (68 mi) 2023 March
AmbalaNarnaul Expressway

(Trans–Haryana Expressway)

Haryana


227 km

(141 mi)

2022 February
Airoli–Katai Naka Freeway Maharashtra 12.3 km (7.6 mi) 2023 March
Amritsar–Jamnagar Expressway[48] Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat 1,257 km (781.1 mi) 2023 March
Amritsar Ring Road[49] Punjab 98 km (60.9 mi) 2022
Bengaluru–Chennai Expressway[50] Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu 258 km (160.3 mi) 2024 March
Bangalore–Mysore Infrastructure Corridor[51] Karnataka 111 km (69.0 mi) 2022 August
Bundelkhand Expressway[52] Uttar Pradesh 296 km (183.9 mi) 2022 December
Chennai Port–Maduravoyal Expressway[53] Tamil Nadu 19 km (11.8 mi) 2023
Coastal Road (Mumbai) Maharashtra 29.2 km (18.1 mi) 2022 June
DND–KMP Expressway Delhi, Haryana 59 km (37 mi) 2023
Delhi–Amritsar–Katra Expressway[54] Delhi, Haryana, Punjab, Jammu and Kashmir 687 km (427 mi) 2023 December
Delhi–Mumbai Expressway[55] Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra 1,350 km (840 mi) 2023 March
Dwarka Expressway Delhi, Haryana 27.6 km (17.1 mi) 2022 August
Faridabad–Noida–Ghaziabad Expressway Delhi, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh 56 km (35 mi) 2023
Ganga Expressway(Meerut–Prayagraj) Uttar Pradesh 594 km (369.1 mi) 2024
Trans–Haryana Expressway (Ambala–Narnaul) Haryana 227 km (141.1 mi) 2022 February
Gorakhpur Link Expressway[56] Uttar Pradesh 91.35 km (56.8 mi) 2022 March
Lucknow–Kanpur Expressway* Uttar Pradesh 66 km (41 mi) 2023 October
Lucknow Outer Ring Road Uttar Pradesh 108 km (67 mi) 2021 December
Loknayak Ganga Path Bihar 39.5 km (24.5 mi) 2022 December
Ludhiana Elevated corridor Punjab 13 km (8.1 mi)
Mumbai Trans Harbour Link Maharashtra 21.8 km (13.5 mi) 2022 June
Mumbai–Nagpur Expressway[57] Maharashtra 701 km (435.6 mi) 2022 May
Pathankot-Ajmer Expressway Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan 600 km (370 mi)
Peripheral Ring Road Karnataka 65.5 km (40.7 mi)
Purvanchal Expressway*[58] Uttar Pradesh 340.824 km (211.8 mi) 2021 October
Raipur–Visakhapatnam Expressway Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh 465 km (288.9 mi) 2024 March
Sohna Elevated Corridor[59] Haryana 21.65 km (13.5 mi) 2022
Varanasi Ring Road[60][61] Uttar Pradesh 63 km (39 mi) 2022
Wazirabad–Mayur Vihar Elevated Expressway Delhi NCR 18 km (11 mi)
Total 10,647.524 km (6,616.065 mi)

List of Expressways (Planned/ Proposed)[edit | edit source]

Name States Length (km/mi)
Amaravati–Anantapur Expressway[62] Andhra Pradesh 371.03 km (230.5 mi)
Aurangabad-Darbhanga Expressway[63] Bihar 271 km (168.4 mi)
Ballia Link Expressway[64] Uttar Pradesh 30 km (19 mi)
Bangalore–Mysore Infrastructure Corridor[51] Karnataka 111 km (69.0 mi)
Buxar Bhagalpur Expressway Bihar 350 km (217.4 mi)
Chambal Expressway[65] Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh 404 km (251 mi)
Chennai Elevated Expressways[66] Tamil Nadu 10 km (6.2 mi)
Chennai Surat Expressway[51] Gujarat, Maharashtra, Telangana, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu 1,461 km (907.8 mi)
Delhi–Saharanpur–Dehradun Expressway Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Uttrakhand 180 km (110 mi)
Ganga Expressway Phase-2[67][68][69][70] Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand 424 km (263.5 mi)
GMADA Expressway Chandigarh, Haryana, Punjab 284 km (176 mi)
Hyderabad–Indore Expressway[71] Madhya Pradesh , Maharashtra , Telangana 713 km (443 mi)
Hyderabad–Raipur Expressway[72] Chhattisgarh , Telangana 330 km (210 mi)
Hyderabad–Visakhapatnam Expressway[73] Telangana , Andhra Pradesh 225 km (140 mi)
Indore–Kota Expressway[74] Rajasthan , Madhya Pradesh 136 km (85 mi)
Kadapa Feeder Expressway[75] Andhra Pradesh 104.05 km (64.7 mi)
Konkan Greenfield Expressway Maharashtra 500 km (310 mi)
Kurnool Feeder Expressway[75] Andhra Pradesh 123.7 km (76.9 mi)
Nagpur–Hyderabad–Bengaluru Expressway[76] Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra pradesh, Karnataka 1,100 km (680 mi)
Nagpur–Vijayawada Expressway[72] Maharashtra , Telangana , Andhra Pradesh 457 km (284 mi)
Narmada Expressway[77] Madhya Pradesh 1,300 km (810 mi)
ORR Chennai, Phase II[78] Tamil Nadu 33.1 km (20.6 mi)
Outer Ring Road, Amaravati[79] Andhra Pradesh 220 km (136.7 mi)
Outer Ring Road Patna Bihar 140 km (86.9 mi)
Patna-Kolkata Expressway Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal 470 km (292 mi)
Raipur–Bilaspur Expressway[80] Chhattisgarh 127 km (79 mi)
Raxaul-Haldia Expressway[81] Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal 650 km (400 mi)
Varanasi Link Expressway[82][83] Uttar Pradesh 13 km (8.1 mi)
Total 10,537.88 km (6,547.94 mi)

Planned/proposed under Bharatmala[edit | edit source]

8-lane greenfield expressways under Bharatmala[84][85][86]
Name States Length (km/mi)
Chennai–Salem Expressway Tamil Nadu 277 km (172 mi)
Chennai–Trichy Expressway Tamil Nadu 310 km (190 mi)
Delhi–Bilaspur Expressway Himachal Pradesh
Delhi–Hisar Expressway Haryana 170 km (110 mi)
Durg-Raipur-Arang Expressway Chhattisgarh 92 km (57 mi)
Gurugram–Faridabad Expressway Haryana 135 km (84 mi)
Indore-Mumbai Expressway Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra 515 km (320 mi)
Kharagpur–Kolkata Expressway West Bengal 120 km (75 mi)
Kharagpur–Siliguri Expressway West Bengal 516 km (321 mi)
Mangaluru–Chitradurga Expressway Karnataka 196 km (122 mi)
Pathankot–Ajmer Expressway[87] Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab 600 km (370 mi)
Pune-Bengaluru Expressway[88] Karnataka, Maharashtra 745 km (463 mi)
Salem–Chengapalli Expressway Tamil Nadu 103 km (64 mi)
Varanasi–Ranchi–Kolkata Expressway Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, West Bengal 650 km (400 mi)
Total 4,429 km (2,752 mi)

See also[edit | edit source]

Similar rail development
Similar roads development
Similar ports and river transport development
Similar air transport development
Highways in India
General

References[edit | edit source]

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External links[edit | edit source]

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