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UB City at night .jpg
Bangalore India.jpg
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Bangalore Palace - Jayamahal.jpg
ISKCON Banglaore Temple.jpg
Silicon Valley of India,[1] Garden City[2]
Bangalore is located in Bengaluru
Location in Bangalore
Bangalore is located in Karnataka
Location in Karnataka
Bangalore is located in India
Location in India
Bangalore is located in Asia
Location in Asia
Bangalore is located in Earth
Location in Earth
Coordinates: 12°58′44″N 77°35′28″E / 12.979°N 77.591°E / 12.979; 77.591Coordinates: 12°58′44″N 77°35′28″E / 12.979°N 77.591°E / 12.979; 77.591
Country India
State Karnataka
DistrictBangalore Urban
Founded byKempe Gowda I
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • Administrator
(In absence of Mayor)
Rakesh Singh, IAS
 • Municipal CommissionerGaurav Gupta, IAS[3]
 • Metropolis741 km2 (286 sq mi)
 • Metro
8,005 km2 (3,091 sq mi)
Elevation920 m (3,020 ft)
 • Metropolis8,443,675
 • Rank3rd
 • Density11,000/km2 (30,000/sq mi)
 • Urban10,456,000
 • Rank5th
Demonym(s)Bangalorean, Bengalurinavaru, Bengalurean, Bengaluriga
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
560 xxx
Area code(s)+91-(0)80
Vehicle registrationKA-01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 41, 50, 51, 52, 53, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61
Metro GDP$45–83 billion[10]
Official languageKannada[11]

Bangalore (/bæŋɡəˈlɔːr/), officially known as Bengaluru[12] (Template:IPA-kn), is the capital and the largest city of the Indian state of Karnataka. It has a population of more than 8 million and a metropolitan population of around 11 million, making it the third most populous city and fifth most populous urban agglomeration in India.[13] Located in southern India on the Deccan Plateau, at a height of over 900 m (3,000 ft) above sea level, Bangalore is known for its pleasant climate throughout the year. Its elevation is the highest among the major cities of India.[14]

The city's history dates back to around 890 CE, in a stone inscription found at the Nageshwara Temple in Begur, Bangalore. The Begur inscription is written in Halegannada (ancient Kannada), mentions 'Bengaluru Kalaga' (battle of Bengaluru). It was a significant turning point in the history of Bangalore as it bears the earliest reference to the name 'Bengaluru'.[15] In 1537 CE, Kempé Gowdā – a feudal ruler under the Vijayanagara Empire – established a mud fort considered to be the foundation of modern Bangalore and its oldest areas, or petes, which exist to the present day. After the fall of Vijayanagar empire in 16th century, the Mughals sold Bangalore to Chikkadevaraja Wodeyar (1673–1704), the then ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore for three lakh rupees.[16] When Haider Ali seized control of the Kingdom of Mysore, the administration of Bangalore passed into his hands. It was captured by the British East India Company after victory in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War (1799), who returned administrative control of the city to the Maharaja of Mysore. The old city developed in the dominions of the Maharaja of Mysore and was made capital of the Princely State of Mysore, which existed as a nominally sovereign entity of the British Raj. In 1809, the British shifted their cantonment to Bangalore, outside the old city, and a town grew up around it, which was governed as part of British India. Following India's independence in 1947, Bangalore became the capital of Mysore State, and remained capital when the new Indian state of Karnataka was formed in 1956. The two urban settlements of Bangalore – city and cantonment – which had developed as independent entities merged into a single urban centre in 1949. The existing Kannada name, Bengalūru, was declared the official name of the city in 2006.

Bangalore is widely regarded as the "Silicon Valley of India" (or "IT capital of India") because of its role as the nation's leading information technology (IT) exporter.[1] Indian technological organisations are headquartered in the city. A demographically diverse city, Bangalore is the second fastest-growing major metropolis in India.[17][18] Recent estimates of the metro economy of its urban area have ranked Bangalore either the fourth- or fifth-most productive metro area of India.[10][19] Bangalore is home to 7,700 millionaires and 8 billionaires with a total wealth of $320 billion.[20][21] It is home to many educational and research institutions. Numerous state-owned aerospace and defence organisations, are located in the city. The city also houses the Kannada film industry. It was ranked the most liveable Indian city with a population of over a million under the Ease of Living Index 2020.[22]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1
    • Canton, Naomi (6 December 2012). "How the 'Silicon Valley of India' is bridging the digital divide". CNN. Archived from the original on 18 December 2012. Retrieved 6 December 2012.
    • RAI, Saritha (20 March 2006). "Is the Next Silicon Valley Taking Root in Bangalore?". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 13 October 2011. Retrieved 20 March 2006.
    • Vaidyanathan, Rajini (5 November 2012). "Can the 'American Dream' be reversed in India?". BBC World News. Archived from the original on 5 November 2012. Retrieved 5 November 2012.
  2. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Basavaraja
  4. "History of BBMP". Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP). Retrieved 20 May 2021.
  5. "Introduction - BMRDA". Bangalore Metropolitan Region Development Authority. Retrieved 20 May 2021.
  6. H.S. Sudhira; T.V. Ramachandra; M.H. Bala Subrahmanya (2007). "City Profile — Bangalore" (PDF). Cities. Bangalore. 24 (5): 382. doi:10.1016/j.cities.2007.04.003. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 December 2012. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  7. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Bangalore
  8. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named UNcities2016
  9. "INDIA STATS : Million plus cities in India as per Census 2011". Press Information Bureau, Mumbai. National Informatics Centre. Archived from the original on 30 June 2015. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named gdp
  11. "50th Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India (July 2012 to June 2013)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 July 2016. Retrieved 14 January 2015.
  12. "It is official: Bangalore becomes Bengaluru". The Times of India.
  13. "Karnataka (India): Districts, Cities, Towns and Outgrowth Wards – Population Statistics in Maps and Charts".
  14. Swaminathan, Jayashankar M. (2009). Indian Economic Superpower: Fiction Or Future?. 2 of World Scientific series on 21st century business, ISSN 1793-5660. World Scientific. p. 20. ISBN 9789812814661.
  15. "1000-year old inscription stone bears earliest reference to Bengaluru | Bengaluru News – Times of India". The Times of India.
  16. Srinivas, S (22 February 2005). "The bean city". The Hindu. Chennai, India. Archived from the original on 13 February 2012. Retrieved 2 July 2007.
  17. "India's 10 fastest growing cities". Rediff News. 6 February 2008. Archived from the original on 24 March 2009. Retrieved 7 April 2009.
  18. "What makes Bengaluru India's science capital?". Deccan Herald. 6 January 2021. Retrieved 23 January 2021.
  19. Broder, Jonathan (5 October 2018). India Today. SAGE Publications. cqresrre2018100500 Archived from the original on 5 October 2018. Retrieved 4 October 2018. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  20. "Kolkata has 9,600 millionaires, $290 billion in total wealth". The Times of India. 22 February 2017. Archived from the original on 27 February 2017. Retrieved 22 February 2017.
  21. "Mumbai richest Indian city with total wealth of $820 billion, Delhi comes second: Report". The Indian Express. 27 February 2017. Archived from the original on 27 February 2017. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  22. Sen, Meghna (4 March 2021). "Ease of Living Index: Bengaluru is the best city to live in India, Pune next". mint. Archived from the original on 4 March 2021. Retrieved 15 March 2021.

Works cited[edit | edit source]

Further reading[edit | edit source]

External links[edit | edit source]

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